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History of wine

Where did it started and where are we now

The renowned alcoholic drink has a long and illustrious history. Archaeologists believe that wine originated in the areas that are known today as Northern Iran, Transcaucasia, and Eastern Turkey. According to experts, this drink was consumed more than 8000 years ago in this region.

Several philologists trace the word "wine" to a variety of different origins. There are many hypotheses about the origin of this term, but none have been definitively established. Since the earliest evidence of winemaking was discovered on Georgian soil, the origins of this word are also almost certainly Georgian.

An ancient winery site in Armenia, grape residue found in clay jars in Georgia, and indicators of grape domestication in eastern Turkey are all examples of early wine production evidence dating from 6,000 BC to 4,000 BC. We still haven't figured out where wine comes from, but we think we know who manufactured it!

The Shulaveri-Shomu people (also known as the "Shulaveri-Shomutepe Culture") are claimed to have been the first to make wine in this region. People used obsidian for tools, bred cattle and pigs, and, most critically, produced grapes throughout the Stone Age (neolithic age).

The Pursuer in Alcohol

The French term sommelier derives from the old provincial saumalier, which translates as "pursuer", who was in charge of the supply wagons. This ancient status persisted in the court of Louis IV a century later. Not only did kings drink wine, but they donated land and founded vineyards to monastic organizations. This is the beginning of the period of the vineyards of the abbeys.

The Middle Ages saw the discovery of the best terroirs and the establishment of the stories of renowned places. Burgundy is home to the Clos de Voujout vineyard, followed by Pinot Noir vineyards throughout the region. The British are exposed to Bordeaux clarets and Tuscan reds from Tuscany. A hermit knight established a vineyard destined to become a famous appellation on the top of the Hermitage hill in the Rhone valley. Rhenish Riesling became popular in the Middle Ages and Chianti was introduced.

The first wines of the New World

The period of the Great Geography marks the beginning of the division of the world into the Old and New World. European wines were introduced in Mexico, Brazil and Chile in the 16th century, followed by Russia a century later.

Distillation, which was previously only used for the manufacture of medicines, begins to be used for the manufacture of liqueurs. Rum is made from sugar collected in the colonies; in Europe, brandy and gin have become popular. The practice of adding alcohol to wine seems to have arisen to preserve it during its long sea voyage.

America and Europe

From the beginning of the 19th century to the present day - the pioneers of biodynamics. World viticulture and associated traditions thrive: appellations, standards, the renowned Bordeaux classification and a legendary Barolo have been established. Wine is relegated to the realm of luxury.

At the turn of the 19th century,

Europe was devastated by the phylloxera pandemic, a disease brought from the New World that wiped out most of Europe's ancient vineyards in just a few years.

Only vines that grow on sandy soils survive: in certain volcanic and coastal regions, as well as in Chile and the United States of America.

What is a fairytale?

The history of wine in truth and myth

Each Mediterranean nation has its own mythology about the origins of wine. Basically, they claim that the gods invented this drink. There are about 500 tales about wine in the Bible. According to contemporary experts, grapes were first cultivated in the area of ​​present-day Turkey and Georgia about 8,000 years ago.

And when it was discovered

Where was the ancient wine?

In the area of ​​present-day Iran, vessels at least seven millennia old have been discovered in which this drink had been petrified. Immediately afterwards, the grapes were planted, which formed the "ancestor" of the species used in modern winemaking. At the same time, winemaking rapidly expanded throughout the Mediterranean and adjacent regions. Armenia is home to the oldest winery in the world, dating back more than 6,000 years.

The origin of it all

The wine culture of the ancient Greeks and Romans

About four millennia ago, the ancient Greeks began mass-producing this drink. Wine soon established itself as the main export product; it was used for medicinal and ceremonial reasons, as well as being consumed for breakfast. For the Greeks, this drink evolved in the center of their civilization. They thought that anyone who refused to drink this drink was a barbarian.

It was a long story

How does alcohol gets financed: Crowdfunding for wine

Crowdfunding and Wine

What does this even mean?

Crowdfunding has existed for more than a decade as a mechanism for private financial support for social and cultural initiatives. It allows companies to raise capital from potential customers by selling them a product upfront, giving them exclusive access to copyrighted material, or simply transferring copyright-free content.

Many platforms got involved

Online presence

Along with well-known crowdfunding platforms like kickstarter.com, which raise funds for everything from music albums to animal shelters, there are also niche ones. For example, on the winefunding.com platform, you can launch your fundraiser to build the winery of your dreams, and contribute to the purchase of seven hectares of biodynamic vineyards in Graves. Currently, the site only features French projects. Typically, sponsors receive sets of wines, but you can also become a full co-investor and receive a share of the project!

Evolving culture of winemaking

Progress and scaling

The winemaking appears to be conventional. The wine industry is constantly innovating, whether it is new methods to prevent wine defects or natural methods for pest control. We have compiled a list of wine trends that are gaining traction globally right now.

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